如何搞定托福独立写作让步段落

2017/06/12 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵教育集团托福培训项目部提供:如何搞定托福独立写作让步段落。


  托福独立写作中,一个好的让步段会让文章的逻辑关系更严密,论证更丰富,更符合学术文章的要求。然而,很多考生尝试着写让步段,却也有凑字数的目的,无法发挥让步段的最佳威力。


  很多同学有疑问,在一篇完整的独立作文中,让步段是不是一定要写呢?可不可以不写呢?到底怎样写出好的让步段?写还是不写?这是个问题!


  让步段不是必须要写的,考生们可以在作文里只提出支持自己观点的两至三个正面的理由,这样也可以得出最后的结论。


  比如说是否同意“新的科技产品发布,过段时间购买比马上购买要好”,我们完全可以只提出过段时间购买的两个正面理由:一:价格会更便宜; 二:产品的性能会更优化,这样整篇作文的论点还是明确的。


  但是这篇文章当然也可以加上让步段,过段时间再买的坏处,或是马上购买的好处。这样会显得这篇文章论证的逻辑更加严密和全面,我们确实是进行了优劣对比后,才得出自己的观点。


  尤其要注意的是,如果作文题目本身的观点的反面并不能够被忽略,那么建议让步段是一定要写的,这样显得我们得出自己的观点才不牵强。


  比如作文题目“Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them.”。我们可以写正面的两个观点,即玩电脑游戏的两个好处,但是我们同样不能忽略玩电脑游戏的坏处,所以就要写让步段了,不然观点就会显得过于偏激。


  怎么写让步段?这又是个问题!


  重中之重: “让一小步,进一大步”!


  让步段的最重要目的是对让步内容地不断削弱,以退为进,先提出坏处,然后再否定它。但是要记住的是让步段与支持段结构一致,也是有主题句,然后要对主题句进行展开解释。


  所以常见的套路是:


  主题句(不可否认A也有坏处)+解释(进一步解释说明坏处是什么)+让步(但是呢,这些坏处可以被解决掉,或是不太重要)


  1.让步段主题句写法


  让步段的主题句一般是这样的:不可否认的是,A可能会有一些坏处。这里我们尽量语气要委婉些,下面是一些会用到的词组表达:


  ——Admittedly / Undoubtedly / There is no denying that / It cannot be denied that


  ——May / might / possibly / probably


  ——One / one or two / a couple of / minor / several


  ——To some extent / to some degree


  常见错误:


  很多考生让步段用although开头,但是although后面只能跟一个从句,所以后面主题句的内容就没有办法展开了。


  2. 让步如何实现


  让步段的表述可以参考以下模式:


  让步方的好处比支持方的好处次要,或者支持方的坏处比起好处来次要。


  However, the advantages of A are more important than those of B.


  让步方优点与支持方优点比起来较少,或支持方缺点与优点比起来较少。


  However, the advantages of A are far more than those / that of B.


  However, the advantages of A outnumber those / that of B.


  对方的好处,我方也可以有办法得到;我方的坏处可以有办法消除。


  However, the problem can be solved by …


  However, the negative influence can be eliminated by …


  3. 让步段范例赏析


  Q:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them.


  主题句:


  Admittedly, playing computer games does harbor several drawbacks.


  解释:


  Some children are addicted to playing computergames and ignore their studies, thereby suffering from poor academic performance. Also, over exposure to computer games with high concentration will sooner or later cause the impairment of their eyesight.


  让步:


  However, most children are able to control themselves to play games in moderation. Also, their parents can intervene and supervise as well. Specifically, they could set strict rules on how much time their children could play games everyday and on what conditions they could do so, therefore it is completely unnecessary to forbid them to play computer games.


  最后,预祝广大托福考生都能早日斩托成功!



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  更多托福咨询,请拨打电话400-6236-898,也可关注学为贵教育官网!届时,小贵贵将为广大贵粉们提供准确、及时、专业的考试信息。

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