坑死你不偿命的托福阅读方法(2)

2018/04/13 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵托福培训(托福培训机构哪个好)项目部提供:坑死你不偿命的托福阅读方法(2)。


  为了更好的帮助广大托福考生早日斩托成功,小贵贵精心整理了坑死你不偿命的托福阅读方法(2)的相关内容,方便广大考生备考使用。


  坑死你不偿命的托福阅读方法(1)


  我绝对相信,从初中开始,你的英文老师就给你说:做好阅读理解,必须要定位,而定位的关键就是找定位关键词。于是,你惊人的发现,高中老师也这么讲,出国留学的培训老师也这么讲。你这个时候突然发现一个问题就是,你阅读做不好,除了底子不太扎实之外,就是不会定位或者定位速度不够快。难道问题真是这么简单吗?


  答案当然不是了!


  首先,我们来看看市面上的普遍方法是什么,市面上的对于定位是这么聊的:最高级,比较级,专有名词,数字,非名词等,这些都是定位词的显著特征。于是乎,当你碰见这道题的时候,你会觉得,这个方法没毛病,比如,这道题,


  However, in addition to corals there are enormous quantities of algae, some calcareous, which help to build the reefs. The size of reefs is variable. Some atolls are very large—Kwajelein in the Marshall Islands of the South Pacific is 120 kilometers long and as much as 24 kilometers across-but most are very much smaller, and rise only a few meters above the water. The 2,000 kilometer complex of reefs known as the Great Barrier Reef, which forms a gigantic natural breakwater off the northeast coast of Australia, is by far the greatest coral structure on Earth.


  According to paragraph 1, algae are important because


  A.they help build coral reefs


  B.they are the dominant type of sea life living on the reefs


  C.they compete with coral for zooplankton


  D.they are an important source of food available to corals


  这个题目纯定位派,会告诉你定位词是“algae”,你可以迅速找到定位词所在句子,你这样很快选出A。不知为啥,你会觉得,托福阅读也不过如此,简单至极。如果你这么认为的话,请你来看看下面这道题是什么情况,


  Such examples established a standard to be copied. One result was an influx of craft worker, particularly those skilled in artistic media like stone-carving which had not existed before the conquest. Civilian workers came mostly from Gaul and Germany. The magnificent temple built beside the sacred spring at Bath was constructed only about twenty years after the conquest. Its detail shows that it was carved by artists from northeast Gaul. In the absence of a tradition of Classical stone-carving and building, the desire to develop Roman amenities would have been difficult to fulfill. Administrators thus used their personal contacts to put the Britons in touch with architects and masons.


  According to paragraph 3, one factor contributing to success of the earliest Roman-style construction projects in Britain was


  A the fact that long before the conquest many civilian workers from Gaul and Germany had settled in Britain


  B the rapid development of characteristically Romano-British styles


  C the availability, in northeast Gaul, of structures that could serve as standards to be copied


  D the use, by administrators, of personal connections to bring craft workers form Gaul into contact with Britons


  这时候有人告诉我“最高级”,但是,找的时候根本没有定位词,找不到,所以,你很慌张,最后,读完了全段,问题是你确定你读完该段,还会回答这个题,我并不这么认为。让我们再看另一道题。


  Pollen, a powdery substance, which is produced by flowering plants and contains male reproductive cells, is usually carried from plant to plant by insects or birds, but some plants rely on the wind to carry their pollen. Wind pollination is often seen as being primitive and wasteful in costly pollen and yet it is surprisingly common, especially in higher latitudes. Wind is very good at moving pollen a long way; pollen can be blown for hundreds of kilometers, and only birds can get pollen anywhere near as far. The drawback is that wind is obviously unspecific as to where it takes the pollen. It is like trying to get a letter to a friend at the other end of the village by climbing onto the roof and throwing an armful of letters into the air and hoping that one will end up in the friend's garden.


  Paragraph 1 supports which of the following as the reason animals are a safer bet than wind as pollinators when the individual trees of a species are widely separated?


  A.Animals tend to carry pollen from a given flower further than the wind does.


  B.Animals serve as pollinators even where there is little wind to disperse the pollen.


  C.An animal that visits a flower is likely to deliberately visit other flowers of the same species and pollinate them.


  D.Birds and insects fly in all directions, not just the direction the wind is blowing at a given moment.


  坚信做好阅读理解,就是定位的同学,心里会非常崩溃,为啥?因为这个题干是说动物与植物优势,是比较关系,但是原文并没有明确的对应,这个时候,这个题目的作答会非常浪费时间。


  通过,这几道题的举例,我想说明的问题就是,定位是做阅读题目的方法之一,并不是全部,如果我仅仅靠着定位这一个方法打天下,阅读就变的非常简单,人人都可以达到巅峰。但是,许多学员在实际操作的时候,却发现,虽然大家都说阅读不难,但是,好像根本答不完题目,归根结底,不是你眼睛不够锐利,也不是知识掌握的不扎实,而是你根本没有掌握真正的方法。很多人在讲解托福阅读的时候,都会说,阅读有十种题型,相对应的有十种解法。真的是这样吗?就拿修辞目的来讲,我可以对“词”提问,我可以对“句子”提问,我也可以对“例子”提问,你能说,用一种方法应付所有嘛?所以,定位是个好东西,但并不是阅读的全部,如果,你指着通过定位帮助你找到题目的考查句,那就大错特错了,因为有的时候,你根本找不到定位,或者,即使你找到定位了,你也发现,根本回答不了“题目所问的逻辑”。


  世界是变化多端的,你必须会针对不同情境,来找出对应解决之道。同样道理,托福阅读出题情境与方式上也是多样的,千万不要试图用一种方法解决不同情境的问题,灵活多变才是王道。





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