2018年托福词汇预测汇总 记住就是高分

2018/05/14 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵托福培训(托福培训机构哪个好)项目部提供:2018年托福词汇预测汇总 记住就是高分。


  为了更好的帮助广大托福考生早日斩托成功,小贵贵精心整理了2018年托福词汇预测汇总 记住就是高分,方便广大考生备考使用。


  5月12日与19日两场考试词汇题小范围预测,内容来源于真题题库,依然是以偏、难词汇为主,考前请反复阅读。


  unfavorable=negative(not good and likely to cause problems or make sth more difficult)


  compromise(这个就是考查一词多义,大家对compromise的意思都是停留在“妥协,折中”,但是ETS却考了它另外一个意思:bring sb/sth/yourself into a danger or under sespicion)=weaken


  pursue=engage in


  motives(Your motive for doing something is your reason for doing it)=reaons


  anticipate(英文释义:to see what might happen in the future and take action to prepare for it)=predict


  distinct


  这个词是词汇题中经常考的词,下面我把这个词的意思做一个梳理:


  1.easily or clearly heard, seen, felt, etc.


  distinct=clear


  2.clearly different or of a different kind


  remote


  remote也是一个常考词汇,下面Bob将这个词的释义以及考过的同替进行汇总


  1. far away from places where other people live in


  remote=isolated(isloated这个词有两个意思经常用到:① far away from any others; ② the state of being alone or lonely)


  remote=distant(distant意思是 far away in space or time)


  2.not very great 细小的;微小的


  remote=small


  exclusively=only/solely


  congregate=together


  mature=fully developed


  profound=far-reaching


  intact=keep original condition


  refine


  这个词大家知道的意思是“精炼;提纯”,但是ETS缺考了另外一个意思:to improve sth by making small changes to it(改进,改善),所以refine可以替换成improve


  practically=almost


  derive


  1.be derived from sth 来源于


  2. derive sth from sth


   to get sth from sth 得到,获得


  ETS曾经考了这个词,考的是第二种释义,换成obtain


  potential=possible


  comparable=similar


  viable=able to survive


  implication(a possible effect or result of an action or a decision)=consequence


  mutual:这个词大家知晓的意思是“相互地,彼此”,ETS考的是另一个意思:共有的,共享的,mutual=shared


  mundane=ordinary


  decisive=determining


  readily=easily


  ensures=guarantees


  edible=fit to be eaten


  modify=change


  compensate=make up for


  extended=lengthened


  consistent=unvarying


  transparent=images can be seen through them without obstruction


  many-segmented= be divided into several parts


  properties=characteristics


  mounted=grew


  collate( to collect pieces of sth and arrange them in the correct order)=assemble


  expend(to expend something, especially energy, time, or money, means to use it or spend it)=use


  rival=competing


  Demographic patterns also affected urbanization in two ways: first, urban populations grew steadily throughout the century due to immigration from rural areas, principally by those seeking factory work, and emigration from abroad.


  The word “steadily” in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.significantly


  B.rapidly


  C.continuously


  D.unevenly


  Many nineteenth-century urban problems were those that continue to plague cities today—crime, pollution, noise—but others were the direct result of lack of planning and regulation, such as threat of fire, poor sanitation, and shoddy building construction. Fire was a significant problem in urban areas of North America from the time of the first European settlement.


  The word “plague” in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.be discussed in


  B.be found in


  C.isolate


  D.cause trouble for


  Typically, development was both unplanned and unrestricted, with landowners making all choices of lot size, services, and street arrangement based only on their individual needs in the marketplace. Distortions of streets and abrupt changes in the distance of houses from the street in urban areas, which so clearly delineate where one development ended and another began, were just the most obvious problems that this lack of coordination created.


  The word “abrupt” in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.noticeable


  B.random


  C.variable


  D.sudden


  Of the 75,000 large dams in the United States, most were built a long time ago and are now obsolete, expensive, and unsafe. They were built with no consideration of the environmental costs.


  The word "obsolete " in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.unpopular


  B.inefficient


  C.out of date


  D.unnecessary


  Removing the mud, uncovering gravel beds where fish spawn, and finding suitable salmon types to rebuild the population is a daunting task. Congress will have to appropriate somewhere around $300 to $400 million to remove these two relatively small dams and rehabilitate the area.


  The word "suitable " in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.new


  B.healthy


  C.appropriate


  D.similar


  Environmental groups, encouraged by these examples, have begun to talk about much more ambitious projects. Four giant dams on the Snake River in Washington State, for example, might be removed to restore salmon and steelhead fish runs to the headwaters of the Columbia River.


  The word "ambitious " in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.impressive but difficult to achieve


  B.dangerous and require considerable planning


  C.complex and unlikely to be complete


  D.greatly needed


  Do certain interests, such as the rights of native people or the continued existence of native species of fish or wildlife, take precedence over economic factors, or should this be a utilitarian calculation of the greatest good for the greatest number?


  The phrase "take precedence over " in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.affect


  B.have greater importance than


  C.get included among


  D.minimize


  In fact, unpredictability is probably a greater problem than is the severity of the unfavorable period. How can organisms cope with the unpredictable onset of good or poor conditions?


  The word “ severity ” in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.length


  B.harshness


  C.unexpectedness


  D.completeness


  Consequently, they can complete the life cycle during the brief window of favorable conditions, then return to the resistant resting stage to await the next rainfall. Resting stages thus comprise a series of adaptations that allow the species to avoid the most difficult conditions for life.


  The word “ comprise “ in the passage is closest in meaning to


  A.consist of


  B.bring about


  C.are similar to


  D.take the place of


  The heavier substances in this frigid cloud of dust and gases consisted mostly of such elements as silicon, aluminum, iron, and calcium—the substances of today’s common rocky materials. Also prevalent were other familiar elements, including oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen.


  The word “frigid” in the passage is closet in meaning to


  A.moving


  B.giant


  C.original


  D.cold


(本篇文章由托福项目部王博老师发布)


  最后预祝广大考生早日斩托成功!



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